Assignment Pinch Table Template


(Note: the borders may not be visible)

Research Problem (identify a gap in the literature):

(N=xx) andDemographics
StudyDesign type (describe in detail) & Variables(List variables and label   as Research, IV, DV)Measurement methods of variables (tools, surveys orscales)Major StudyFindings Results (include some statistics and whether there are significant or not)Notes
   Assignment Pinch Table Template   
  • References

Submit by the due date and time listed in your syllabus and course schedule.


A Review of Literature is conducted to generate an understanding of what is known and not known about a topic of interest. You have identified a topic/problem in Module 1 Discussion Board – Research Problem. In this assignment, you will create a Pinch Table of study articles as part of a Review of Literature (Chapter 3 and 7). Follow the guidelines in Gray, Grove, & Sutherland (2017) Chapter 7 & 18 related to the Review of Literature. You will share your findings using a PINCH table.

Submitting Your Assignment: Pinch Table Template

  • Save this document to your desktop as a Word document. Assignment Pinch Table Template
  • Open the document from your desktop and review the assignment instructions and grading rubric.
  • Create a separate Word document for your paper using  the PINCH table template provided.
  • Return to Blackboard and upload your paper to the assignment link in Module 3. Submit a second submission including the four articles used in the table in pdf format also.

Instructions For Completing Your Assignment: Pinch Table Template

  • Step one: Choose the topic, identify a nursing clinical practice problem that you would like to explore. Using the information that you discussed in Module 1 Discussion-

Research Problem, briefly discuss the significance and identify the gap in the literature. (Why do you need to study this problem?)

  • Step two: Complete the readings from Module 1, 2 & 3, focusing on Chapter 7 Stages of a Literature Review pp.126-134, and 18.
  • Step three: Search for at least FOUR nursing research articles that relate to your clinical problem using Academic Search Complete, CINAHL, Pubmed, Google Scholar, or any other database that contains nursing research articles.

Your studies must be quantitative research articles (for example: quantitative descriptive, correlational or quasi-experimental or experimental designs). At least two studies must be prospective (data actually collected at the time of the study). The other two may be retrospective or prospective.

Your studies may NOT be a qualitative study, a quality improvement study, a systematic review, meta-synthesis, meta-analysis, meta-summary, or integrative review. The article should not be a general information article without the elements of a study (e.g.: must include a review of literature and a methods section with results and discussion).

  • Studies/ articles must be current, within 5 years.
  • Include a References page; citations are to be written in APA format.

The articles you will find must meet the following mandatory requirements noted in Chapter 3 (Types of Quantitative Research).

  • Step four: Find the elements in your articles that are named in the PINCH table and type them into your table. Be sure to note anything of interest in the article outside of the required elements and add them to the notes column for use in your synthesis assignment next week.
  • Step five: If you have questions about your paper, post them to the Q & A discussion board for feedback from your peers / instructor.
  • Step six: Write up your findings in the template and submit them to Blackboard by the due date and time listed in your syllabus. Here’s how to write up your findings:

This is to be submitted in the table format provided. Assignment Pinch Table Template

Complete sentences are not necessary, but the information must be clear on the template of what information belongs to which article in order to grade (without question). In other words, separate the articles in the table.

Don’t forget to use the group discussion board for additional questions about your paper.

Turn your paper (docx format only) and the four articles (PDF format only) in to the assignment submission link under the Assignments Tab in Module 3 at the due date and time listed in your syllabus.

Possible points for this assignment: 100 points

Module 3 Assignment Pinch Table Template

Research Problem (identify a gap in the literature): Postpartum depression is a major concern that can sometimes be overlooked. Finding new ways to reach out to patients should be considered and investigated. Low-income patients may not have access to transportation, or they may have other reasons for not coming into their doctor appointments.

“Low income and minority women are at particularly high risk for unrecognized and untreated postpartum depression” (Kim, Geppert, Quan, Bracha, Lupo, & Cutt, 2012, p. 123). There should be further research and alternatives studied to help provide options and interventions for patients in need of further assistance.

Author Study Purpose Sample (N=xx) and Demographics Study Design type (describe in detail) & Variables (List variables and label as Research, IV, DV) Measurement methods of variables (tools, surveys or scales) Major Study Findings / Results (include some statistics and whether they are significant or not)

Notes Study: Screening for Postpartum Depression Among Low-Income Mothers Using an Interactive Voice Response System

  • H. G. Kim was a part of the Department of Psychiatry, Hennepin Women’s Mental Health Program, Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis,
  • J. Geppert, T. Quan D. B. Cutts- Department of Pediatrics, Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN, USA
  • Y. Bracha- Center for Urban Health, Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN, USA
  • V. Lupo-Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology, Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN, USA “The purpose of this current study was to test the feasibility of using an automated phone screen for postpartum depression that low income mothers access remotely outside their clinic visits” (Kim, Geppert, Quan, Bracha, Lupo, & Cutt, 2012, p. 922).

Postpartum depression can affect 7-25% of new mothers within the first year after delivery of their baby (Kim et. al, 2012). 1,591 patients who recently delivered at Hennepin County Medical Center (HCMC) were approached.

1,013 (63.7%) signed consent to participate and completed the basic baseline demographic questionnaire. For the initial sample, 70 mothers who were native-born Africans were not included in study due to lack of knowledge regarding their English literacy skills. 

105 were also not included due to having private insurance. The final number of participants was 838, this included patients on Medical Assistance or who had no insurance. 324 study subjects used the automated phone screening system (Kim et. al., 2012).

The study was considered to be racially and ethnically diverse. -The study consisted of

26% African American, 51% Latina, 15% Caucasian, and 8% other.

  • 85% were >20 years old Assignment Pinch Table Template
  • 64% married
  • 50% had at least a high school diploma or GED
  • 38% were first time moms
  • Most of the study participants were low-income: 74% were unemployed (Kim et. al., 2012).
  • 61 people out of 838 participated in the 3 month follow up survey. The study design type is descriptive correlational. The dependent variables are: interactive voice response participation and postpartum depression differentiated by an EPDS of >10 and
  • 12.

No pilot studies were noted to be done. -A data collection instrument was used to measure the variables. The tool used was a Likert scale. Psychosocial measurements used included self-report. Student Success Center

The article states that trained research assistants were used to interview possible participants and to collect consents and a baseline demographic questionnaire. A survey about household food insecurity (HFI) was also completed in addition to a demographic survey.

An interactive voice response system (IVR)was used by participants in their own home.

Participants used the IVR to complete the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). The EPDS consist of a 10-item self-rating scale to evaluate postpartum depression within the last 7 days. The article discusses that the researchers were taught to teach participants how to use the IVR system from the privacy of their homes in order to complete the EPDS.

The scale was available for participants in Spanish and English. Study participants were required to use the IVR system about 7–10 days after delivery to complete the EPDS. Depending on the score of the screenings, participants listened to automated response messages that would provide them with information. If the question regarding self-harm was responded to as yes, then the study’s Psychiatrist would contact the patient. Three attempts were made by phone for their 3-month follow-up and then surveys were mailed.

No physiological measurement tools were used. –Descriptive statistics were used to describe the sample. Out of 838 participants in the study, only 324 (39%) called into the automated postpartum depression screening system. About 50% (N=162) used the Spanish-speaking phone line.

Within the study, table 1 was used to describe those participants who called into the IVR and had at the least a high school education, were employed, and had food secure households. “After adjusting for maternal education in multivariate analyses, employment and food insecurity were not significant at the p <0.05 level. There was also no statistically significant difference between callers and non-callers in terms of race/ethnicity, marital status, parity, and self reported history of depression, anxiety or self-harm” (Kim et. al., 2012, p. 923).

There were no significant correlations between increased risk for postpartum depression in women who were first time mothers, who were in a temporary living situation, had a previous history of mental health disorder or a previous history of self-harm. This determination was made after adjustments were calculated to consider

Hispanic and African American ethnicities. -The study was approved by the HCMC Institutional Review Board.

Participants were compensated with small gifts if they completed the initial interview, the automated phone screening survey for postpartum depression, and the 3-month follow-up survey.

A finding from the study discovered that there were high rates of participation in the depression screening but there were low rates of follow-up. Due to the low rate of follow-up calls after 3-months postpartum, it was discussed that a voicemail be added to the initial call for study subjects to leave a voicemail if they have any further questions or concerns. (Kim et. al., 2012).

Multiple domains of stress predict postpartum depressive symptoms in low-income Mexican American women: the moderating effect of social support Shayna S. Coburn N. A. Gonzales L. J. Luecken K. A. Crni Shayna S. Coburn was a part of the Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA & Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA “By including multiple distinct stressors within a single prospective model, this study aimed to clarify dimensions of stress that are most salient for low income Mexican American mothers during pregnancy and after the birth of a child” (Coburn, Gonzales, Luecken, & Crni, 2016, p. 1011).

The study was aimed to evaluate the effects of prenatal stressors and social support on postpartum depressive symptoms in Mexican-American women (Coburn, 2016).

Informed consent was obtained from 337 participants. Two participants were unable to complete the interview. One became ineligible due to safety concerns. 12 were excluded due to being considered “Non- Mexican”. The larger study consisted of 322 study participants. The final study consisted of 269 Mexican American women from three county operated prenatal care clinics in Maricopa County, AZ. Participants ranged from ages 18–42. 83 % were Spanish speaking. Median income was reported as $10,000–$15,000.

The study design type is descriptive correlational.

Descriptive correlational designs examine the relationships that exist between the variables within a situation (Grove, Burns, & Gray, 2013). The study addresses the relationships between the study variables. Assignment Pinch Table Template

The research variables include:

Socio-demographic covariates, depressive symptoms, daily hassles, Culture-specific stressors, Family interpersonal stress, Partner interpersonal stress, and social support.

Interviews were completed in the participants home using computer-assisted interviews in English or Spanish. Interviews read questions out loud and recorded participants’ answers. The interviews were conducted at (T1; 26–38 week gestation; followed by a home visit at 6 weeks after delivery (T2).

Data collection instruments were used and included tools that measured the variables. These tools included Likert scales and questionnaires. It involved psychosocial measurements using self-report.