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HLT 314V Week2 Assignment and DQs

HLT 314V Week2 Assignment and DQs

HLT 314V Week2 Assignment and DQs

HLT 314V Week 2 Discussion 1

Select one area of health policy and describe the impact that policy formation places on direct patient care delivery. What component of the policy area you selected could be improved to provide better care or patient outcomes, and how?

HLT 314V Week 2 Discussion 2

View the “Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act” video:

(http://lc.gcumedia.com/zwebassets/courseMaterialPages/nur508_healthcare-reform-video-series-v1.1.php)

This video was developed just as the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (commonly referred to as ACA) was due to be implemented. Now that the ACA is operational, contrast the information from the video with actual outcomes and provide your assessment of whether or not the stated goals of the ACA are being met for direct patient care. Support your position using sources inclusive of peer-reviewed literature as well as governmental statistics (state or national) or other nonpartisan resources.

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HLT 314V Week2 Assignment and DQs

HLT 314V Week 2 Assignment Health Policy Formulation and Analysis

Details:

Choose a topic on which to develop a health policy. This topic may address a needed change in technology, health care literacy, staffing, billing, diagnosis, etc. In a 1,000-1,250-word composition, construct a health policy and analysis according to the following:

Use the seven steps of policy formation to construct your health policy framework: (a) define the problem; (b) assemble the evidence of the problem or need for a policy; (c) construct alternative solutions to the problem; (d) select the criteria for choosing the correct solution from the alternatives; (e) predict the outcomes of the policy changes; (f) confront the trade-offs of not having a policy or addressing the problem; and (g) decide on a recommendation.

Using the resources found in your textbook, topic readings, and other appropriate resources, explain your health policy’s intended use and evaluate the effect that your policy may have on direct patient care in the United States.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center. HLT 314V Week2 Assignment and DQs.

HLT 314V Week3 Assignment and DQs

HLT 314V Week 3 Discussion 1

Review current types of health care delivery systems in the United States and contrast the current status with the reform models or revisions proposed in the readings for this topic. Select one area in health care delivery where change or reform to the current system could improve the delivery of allied health care and present your findings.

HLT 314V Week 3 Discussion 2

What are the needs driving the development of integrated health care delivery systems (IDS)? What benefits directly apply to the provision of allied health care services? What limitations exist at present that could be improved, and how so?

HLT 314V Week 3 Assignment Health Care Delivery Systems Essay

Details:

In this assignment, you will compose an essay of 750–1,000 words examining the similarities and differences among health care delivery systems that currently exist in the United States.

Include the following in your assessment:

Select two or three health care delivery systems to examine.

Provide a description and relevant details of the selected delivery systems.

Summarize the mission or philosophy statement for each of the health care delivery systems you selected.

Formulate your own mission or philosophy statement, with rationale as to why you chose these elements to include. 

Support your statements with appropriate and scholarly sources from the GCU Library or other qualified sources.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.

HLT 314V Radiography Compliance for Electronic Devices Sample Paper

Setting a high bar for quality and ensuring patient happiness are important when working in a radiography department. It is an unexpected occurrence when a facility experiences a safety issue because the ordering physicians did not provide enough information, patients were unable to provide extended health histories, they were unable to provide medical device cards for the device being used, and there was no charting in the system. The proper procedures must be followed in order to provide safe patient care.

Problem Finding Information on Patient Medical Devices

Radiography has many safety initiatives implemented already due to ionizing radiation. Overview of exploring the effects of x-ray irradiation from imaging on removable medical devices, such as glucose monitors or insulin pumps (FDA, 2018). The FDA has received a small quantity of reports of adverse incidents during CT imaging of insulin pumps (FDA, 2018). Safety is always the number one factor when treating patients. Risk management is always segment of the incident reporting and collaborating within organizations when implementing safety measures. It is always best to be proactive when dealing with health risk (Cannavale, Santoni, Passariello, & Arbarello, 2013).

Evidence of Problems with Exposure to Certain Devices. The adverse experience noted in FDA reports the following adverse safety and health risks: (FDA, 2018).

Insulin pumps are another area of concern regarding compliance standards. Insulin pumps are a life-sustaining medical device used to treat diabetes. The pump delivers insulin twenty-four hours a day through an infusion set inserted into the patient. The table below is an example of just one list of recommendations from one company regarding exposure to radiation (The Animas insulin pump is a life-sustaining medical device used to treat diabetes. The pump delivers insulin 24 hours & a day via an infusion set inserted into the user’s body., 2014)

  • Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and high blood sugar (hyperglycemia)
  • loss of consciousness
  • ketoacidosis, related to diabetes
  • petite or grand mal seizures
  • light-headedness
  • syncope
  • falls and related injuries
  • heart failure
  • hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • one death (FDA, 2018).
Procedure CC Recommendation
CARDIAC CATHETERIZATION Do Not bring pump or Transmitter/Sensor into the same room where the procedure is being performed.Teflon/plastic infusion set can remain in. Other types of infusion sets must be removed.
COLONOSCOPY Pump, infusion set, and Transmitter/Sensor can remain on/in.
CT SCANS Do Not bring pump or Transmitter/Sensor into the same room where the procedure is being performed.Teflon/plastic infusion set can remain in. Other types of infusion sets must be removed.
EKG Pump, infusion set, and Transmitter/Sensor can remain on/in.
ELECTRO-CAUTERY Do Not bring pump or Transmitter/Sensor into the same room where the procedure is being performed.Teflon/plastic infusion set can remain in. Other types of infusion sets must be removed.
LASER SURGERY Pump, infusion set, and Transmitter/Sensor can remain on/in.
MRI Do Not bring pump or Transmitter/Sensor into the same room where the procedure is being performed.Teflon/plastic infusion set can remain in. Other types of infusion sets must be removed.
NUCLEAR STRESS TEST (myocardial perfusion imaging) Do Not bring pump or Transmitter/Sensor into the same room where the procedure is being performed.Teflon/plastic infusion set can remain in. Other types of infusion sets must be removed.
PACEMAKER/AICD Reprogramming Do Not bring pump or Transmitter/Sensor into the same room where the procedure is being performed.Teflon/plastic infusion set can remain in. Other types of infusion sets must be removed.
THERAPEUTIC RADIATION/ ONCOLOGY(cancer treatment radiation) Do Not bring pump or Transmitter/Sensor into the same room where the procedure is being performed.Teflon/plastic infusion set can remain in. Other types of infusion sets must be removed
ULTRASOUND Pump, infusion set, and Transmitter/Sensor can remain on/in.
X-RAY, BODY FLUOROSCOPY(chest, neck, abdomen, torso, etc.) Do Not bring pump or Transmitter/Sensor into the same room where the procedure is being performed, unless a lead apron that completely covers pump is worn during the procedure. Teflon/plastic infusion set can remain in. Other types of infusion sets must be removed.
X-RAY, BONE DENSITOMETRY Do Not bring pump or Transmitter/Sensor into the same room where the procedure is being performed, unless a lead apron that completely covers pump and Transmitter is worn during the procedure. Teflon/plastic infusion set can remain in. Other types of infusion sets must be removed.
X-RAY, DENTAL Do Not bring pump or Transmitter/Sensor into the same room where the procedure is being performed.Teflon/plastic infusion set can remain in. Other types of infusion sets must be removed.
X-RAY, MAMMOGRAM Do Not bring pump or Transmitter/Sensor into the same room where the procedure is being performed.Teflon/plastic infusion set can remain in. Other types of infusion sets must be removed.

(The Animas insulin pump is a life-sustaining medical device used to treat diabetes. The pump delivers insulin 24 hours & a day via an infusion set inserted into the user’s body., 2014)

The recommendation below is a warning listed on the FDA website for patients regarding insulin pumps.

Constructing a Solution. The simplest form of providing information for patient care is charting. Electronic health records (EHS) are available to many practices. The available information would be found within the patient chart for practices using the same EHR or system. Unfortunately, many sites and many vendors exist in the software world today. The transfer of reports and details and receiving a consent for this information can be a timely process, thus defeating the purpose of accessible, prompt informative policy measures.

  • Imaging exams involving scans directly over the electronic device for more than several seconds require additional care and should not be performed unless the device can be safely relocated or turned off. Examples of these scans are CT perfusion exams or interventional studies such as CT fluoroscopy. If the above recommendation is not possible and the scan is warranted , precise monitoring of the device during and after the study is required (FDA, 2018).
  • Be aware that interference is possible and be prepared to conclude the scan if the patient communicates any symptoms that are adverse. Although adverse symptoms are rare, they can include alarm sounds from the pump, lightheadedness, fainting, seizures and loss of consciousness (FDA, 2018).

The patient should be provided with an identification card concerning care and familiarity of the medical device for examinations, diagnostic testing, and compliance. This is also a very sensible option to abide by, Inadequacy of this policy is loss of the card, availability to carry it always for unknown appointments or last-minute urgent care needs. This also defeats the purpose of accessibility and delays treatment as well.

The third options would be a national reporting website to register a medical device with a patient. This website would then be available to all medical facilities with proper authorizations and accreditations to do so. This would allow for proper assessment of the device and contraindications of care for procedures, diagnostic studies, and even possible adverse results of noncompliance.

Result of Denial of Policy. Negligence can quickly turn into litigation, income loss. Risk management can run a practice into litigation when standards and compliance are not met (Cannavale, Santoni, Passariello, & Arbarello, 2013).

Compliance and standards can be difficult with the best intentions of providing optimal care and high practice of safety initiatives. Sometimes information is not available that could be present to support and taking an initiative in achieving utmost benefit for the patient and the facility. Proper tools for such instances could make such practices improved and save patients time and frustration for the patient and departmental staff (Cannavale, Santoni, Passariello, & Arbarello, 2013).

Impediment in care while a technologist researches the medical device on the internet, contacts the company for compliance, or searches within a chart for the name of a device, may result in the delay of a critical finding from a diagnostic study being delayed. Such delay may result in a poor outcome for the patient. Failure to diagnose and delay in diagnosis are the more standard negligence claims (Church, 2004).

Risk of fault of the medical device and the risks associated with malfunction of the device causing harm to the patient is also a concern which would lead to a negligence issue (FDA, 2018).

Recommendations. The fundamental issue of risk and error management is to develop processes and safeguards aimed at reducing or preventing the occurrence of errors and minimizing the degree of harm. Such behavior should reduce the risk of harm to the patients and, thereby, malpractice litigation. Creating standard protocols and rules should prevent and minimize incidents (Cannavale, Santoni, Passariello, & Arbarello, 2013)

Facilities are trying to align missions with the dimensions of care highlighted in the Institute of Medicine report Crossing the quality chasm which states that patient care should be safe, effective, efficient, patient-centered, and timely—categories that are applicable to the radiology field (Successful quality management system in a radiology department.2018).

With this information to guide decisions about policy protocols the best solution would be a policy to provide the patient with information regarding the care of the medical device with a card to reference to carry, and if unavailable a national website easily accessible to medical device look up and quick information guide of compliance. The optimal outcome would be an implementation of electronic charting as well but with different software systems availability to information would be a difficult matter to transmit and receive consent for release is timely, thus making the national medical device look up much easier for accessibility.

References

Cannavale, A., Santoni, M., Passariello, R., & Arbarello, P. (2013). Risk management in radiology. Radiology Management, 35(5), 14.

Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24303642

Church, E. J. (2004). Legal trends in imaging. Albuquerque, New Mexico: American Society of Radiologic Technologists.

Retrieved from https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ccm&AN=106557699&site=eds-live&scope=site

FDA. (2018). Interference between CT and electronic medical devices. . Retrieved from https://www.fda.gov

Successful quality management system in a radiology department. (2018). Retrieved from https://healthmanagement.org/c/imaging/issuearticle/successful-quality-management-system-in-a-radiology-department

The Animas insulin pump is a life-sustaining medical device used to treat diabetes. The pump delivers insulin 24 hours, & a day via an infusion set inserted into the user’s body. (2014). Attn: Medical imaging personnel. 

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