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NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

The first step of the evidence-based practice process is to evaluate a nursing practice environment to identify a nursing problem in the clinical area. When a nursing problem is discovered, the nurse researcher develops a clinical guiding question to address that nursing practice problem.

For this assignment, you will create a clinical guiding question know as a PICOT question. The PICOT question must be relevant to a nursing practice problem. To support your PICOT question, identify six supporting peer-revised research articles, as indicated below. The PICOT question and six peer-reviewed research articles you choose will be utilized for subsequent assignments. NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

Use the “Literature Evaluation Table” to complete this assignment.

Literature Evaluation Table

Student Name:

Summary of Clinical Issue (200-250 words):

PICOT Question:

Criteria Article 1 Article 2 Article 3
APA-Formatted Article Citation with Permalink  

 

How Does the Article Relate to the PICOT Question?
Quantitative, Qualitative (How do you know?)
Purpose Statement
Research Question
Outcome
Setting

(Where did the study take place?) NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

Sample
Method
Key Findings of the Study
Recommendations of the Researcher

 

Criteria Article 4 Article 5 Article 6
APA-Formatted Article Citation with Permalink  

 

How Does the Article Relate to the PICOT Question?
Quantitative, Qualitative (How do you know?)
Purpose Statement
Research Question
Outcome
Setting

(Where did the study take place?) NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

Sample
Method
Key Findings of the Study
Recommendations of the Researcher

 

Select a nursing practice problem of interest to use as the focus of your research. Start with the patient population and identify a clinical problem or issue that arises from the patient population. In 200–250 words, provide a summary of the clinical issue.

Following the PICOT format, write a PICOT question in your selected nursing practice problem area of interest. The PICOT question should be applicable to your proposed capstone project (the project students must complete during their final course in the RN-BSN program of study).
The PICOT question will provide a framework for your capstone project.

Conduct a literature search to locate six research articles focused on your selected nursing practice problem of interest. This literature search should include three quantitative and three qualitative peer-reviewed research articles to support your nursing practice problem.

Note: To assist in your search, remove the words qualitative and quantitative and include words that narrow or broaden your main topic. For example: Search for diabetes and pediatric and dialysis. To determine what research design was used in the articles the search produced, review the abstract and the methods section of the article. The author will provide a description of data collection using qualitative or quantitative methods. Systematic Reviews, Literature Reviews, and Metanalysis articles are good resources and provide a strong level of evidence but are not considered primary research articles. Therefore, they should not be included in this assignment.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion. NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

Course Code NRS-433V Class Code NRS-433V-O503

Criteria Content Percentage 80.0% Summary of Clinical Issue 5.0% PICOT Question 10.0% APA-Formatted Article Citations With Permalinks 5.0% Relationship of Articles to the PICOT Question 10.0% Quantitative and Qualitative Articles 10.0% Purpose Statements 5.0% Research Questions 5.0% Outcome 5.0% Setting 5.0% Sample 5.0%

Method 5.0% Key Findings of the Study 5.0% Recommendations of the Researcher 5.0% Organization and Effectiveness 10.0% Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, language use) 10.0% Format 10.0% Documentation of Sources (citations, footnotes, references, bibliography, etc., as appropriate to assignment and style) 10.0% Total Weightage 100%

Assignment Title PICOT Question and Literature Search 1: Unsatisfactory (0.00%) A clinical issue is omitted or is not relevant to nursing practice. A PICOT question is not included. Article citations and permalinks are omitted. Three or more articles do not relate to the PICOT question. Fewer than six research articles are presented. Four or more articles do not meet the assignment criteria for a quantitative, qualitative, Purpose statements are omitted or are incomplete overall. Research questions are omitted or are incomplete overall. Research outcomes are omitted or are incomplete overall. The setting is omitted for one or more of the articles. The setting described for three or more articles is inaccurate or incomplete. NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

The sample is omitted for one or more of the articles. The sample described for three or more articles is inaccurate or incomplete. Method of study for one or more articles is omitted. Overall, the methods of study are incomplete. Discussion of study results, including findings and implications for nursing practice, is incomplete. Researcher recommendations are omitted for one or more of the articles. The recommendations described for three or more articles are inaccurate or incomplete. Surface errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning. Inappropriate word choice or sentence construction is used. Sources are not documented. Total Points 120.0 2:

Less Than Satisfactory (75.00%) A clinical issue is partially presented. It is unclear how the clinical issue relates to nursing practice. Significant aspects are missing, or there are inaccuracies. A PICOT question is provided but is incomplete. The PICOT question format is used incorrectly. Article citations and permalinks are presented. There are significant errors in the APA format. One or more links do not lead to the intended article. At least two articles do not relate to the PICOT question. The remaining articles provide a small degree of support for the PICOT question. Different articles are needed to provide better support for the PICOT question. Six research articles are presented. Three articles do not meet the assignment criteria for a quantitative, qualitative Purpose statements are referenced but are incomplete in some areas. Research question is presented for each article. The research question has been misidentified or misinterpreted for at least two of the articles. Additional information is needed to fully illustrate the research question for several of the articles. Research outcome is presented for each article. The research outcome has been misidentified or misinterpreted for at least two of the articles. Additional information is needed to fully illustrate the research outcomes for several of the articles. NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

DQ1

CW

1 posts

Re: Topic 2 DQ 1 NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

Qualitative data has been described as voluminous and sometimes overwhelming to the researcher. One strategy that would help a researcher manage and organize the data is by using the American Nurses Association’s (ANA) Code of Ethics as a framework.  There are 9 different provisions that allow nurses to navigate through complex situations and ethical problems (Grand Canyon University, 2018).  Each of the provisions deal with a different area involving patient care:

Provisions

  1. Patient’s dignity
  2. Primacy of patient’s interest
  3. Promotion of patient’s safety
  4. Nurses accountability and responsibility
  5. Nurse’s self-integrity
  6. Influence of environment
  7. Continuing education
  8. Global perspective
  9. Profession association   (Reid, n.d.)

Using the framework as a guide to organize data for qualitative research, enables the nurse to design a moral basis to deliver exceptional care to the patient. NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

Another strategy that can be used when compiling data for qualitative nursing research is the Foundational Ethical Principles; autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, justice, veracity, fidelity, and confidentiality (GCU, 2018).  Nurses should use these as guiding standards when researching, especially in areas that we might not personally agree with.  The profession of nursing must always be one built in trust- where every person is treated with dignity & respect.  Nurses have the responsibility make sure their nursing research is safe, ethical and never causes undue harm.  Keeping these principles in mind while researching, will help nurses abide by them.

Grand Canyon University (GCU) (Ed). (2018). Nursing research: Understanding methods for best practice. Retrieved from https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs433v/nursing-research-understanding-methods-for-best-practice/v1.1

Reid, Stephanie. (n.d.). Nurse’s Code of Professional Conduct. Work – Chron.com. Retrieved from http://work.chron.com/nurses-code-professional-conduct-4110.html

 

NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework DQ2

Francis N N

1 posts

Re: Topic 2 DQ 1

Data that approximates or characterizes but does not measure the attributes, characteristics, properties, etc., of a thing or phenomenon is called qualitative data. Data management is a challenging, integral, and vital part of qualitative research and is crucial to ensure successful studies. Being able to organize your data, i.e., converting your raw data to a final concise report, is an essential skill in scientific academic research. NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

The 1st strategy to manage qualitative data is organization. Organization is very important to your research study – you don’t want a piece of rogue data to go missing, and bad organization can stop you finding the most objective and fairest conclusion. Combine related themes into major categories. Label these categories and create file (or Word document) for each major category.

The 2nd strategy is labelling. Create a system for labeling and storing interviews. This can be conducted using a unique name or case identifier for each file. These should reveal crucial information about the file to researchers. All labelled materials should be safely stored for future reference when writing or doing research paper editing. NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

Managing your qualitative data using these steps and others will prevent any confusion about data during analysis.

References

Medium.com. (2020). How to Manage Qualitative Data: A Step-by-Step Guide. Retrieved from https://medium.com/@setsindia/how-to-manage-qualitative-data-a-step-by-step-guide-e30716514b01

 

DQ3

Taneisha 

4 posts

Re: Topic 2 DQ 1

Qualitative data has been described as voluminous and sometimes overwhelming to the researcher and hence strategies must be utilized to help manage and organize the data. Data management is a challenging, integral, and vital part of qualitative research and is crucial to ensure successful studies. It is important for researchers to be able to organize their data, i.e., converting their raw data to a final concise report, which is an essential skill in scientific academic research. Major research projects can easily generate millions of words. Fortunately, recent advances in computer technology and software have made it possible to manage these mountains of words more efficiently. NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

One strategy that may be utilized is using a systematic process to document key decisions for (example a code book), clear direction, and open communication among team members during data analysis. Some software programs also offer sophisticated coding and visualization capabilities that facilitate and enhance interpretation and understanding. For example, if data segments are coded by specific characteristics (e.g., gender, race/ethnicity), the data can be sorted and analyzed by these characteristics, which may contribute to an understanding of whether and/or how a particular phenomenon may vary by these characteristics (Wu et al, 2016)

Safe storage of materials. All materials should be safely stored for future reference when writing or doing research paper editing.

Another strategy is keeping track of sources. It is important for researchers to ensure that the source of all the data can be identified, such as by individual, site, and date. Developing a data tracking system can help with this and this information is available for easy reference (Medium, 2015).

Utilizing these strategies can help to prevent confusion during data analysis, help to maintain accuracy and ensure quality of the data analysis. NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

References

Medium.com. (2015). How to manage qualitative data: A step-by-step guide. Retrieved from

https://medium.com/@setsindia/how-to-manage-qualitative-data-a-step-by-step-guide-e30716514b01

Wu, Y. P.; Thompson, D.; Aroian, K. J.; McQuaid, E. L.; Deatrick, J. A. (2016). Commentary: Writing and evaluating qualitative research reportsJournal of Pediatric Psychology.41(5):493-505. Doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsw032. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4888120/

 

DQ4

ER

1 posts

Re: Topic 2 DQ 1

Qualitative data can be overwhelming due to the large volume of information that is being collected. The researcher needs to first and foremost have a designated plan of what kind of information needs to be collected and how that information will be organized for easier and efficient recall. With so much technology available, the researcher is able to organize data with the use of computer programs (Johnson, Dunlap and Benoit, 2010). The researcher can decide how the data is to be organized. One can organize according to sources of collection. For example, the data can be divided into interviews, focus groups, observations, field work and other sources (Johnson, Dunlap and Benoit, 2010). NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

In addition, information gathered from these above sources can be coded through a process of semi-quantitative coding that assigns responses to a number/code that can be organized into themes and/or subjects for analysis (Johnson, Dunlap and Benoit, 2010). These can then be displayed on spreadsheets, graphs or charts. This coding can also be used to hide the real identity of the subjects and for gender, age and ethnicity (Johnson, Dunlap and Benoit, 2010). NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

 

Johnson, B. D., Dunlap, E., & Benoit, E. (2010). Organizing “mountains of words” for data analysis, both qualitative and quantitative. Substance use & misuse45(5), 648–670. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826081003594757

 

DQ5

Francis Njinga Njinga 

1 posts

Re: Topic 2 DQ 2

Phenomenology and Grounded theory

Phenomenology

Phenomenological study is the appropriate qualitative method used when you want to describe an event, activity, or phenomenon. Here, you use a combination of methods, such as conducting interviews, reading documents, watching videos, or visiting places and events, to understand the meaning participants place on whatever’s being examined. You rely on the participants’ own perspectives to provide insight into their motivations. NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

Example: There’s been an explosion in the last 5 years in online courses and training. But how do students engage with these courses? A phenomenological study would aim to better understand the students experience and how that may impact comprehension of the material. NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

Grounded theory

Whereas a phenomenological study looks to describe the essence of an activity or event, grounded theory looks to provide an explanation or theory behind the events. You use primarily interviews and existing documents to build a theory based on the data.

Example: a grounded theory study could involve understanding how small retail merchants approve or decline customers for credit.

Similarities

Both grounded theorists and phenomenologists seek to collect and analyze data from participants’ perspectives and try to ensure their findings are not influenced by preconceived ideas. To achieve this, they often involve participants in data analysis to increase the trustworthiness of the findings. In brief, grounded theorists and phenomenologists both seek to explore individuals’ experiences in the context of the worlds in which they live. NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

Differences

Phenomenology is often referred to as the “lived experience” and data is often limited to interviews. Grounded theorists seek to include all data sources that might contribute to theory development. Interviews are commonly used but they might also include observations, diaries, images, past literature and research.

References

Nursing Times. (2011). What is the difference between grounded theory and phenomenology? Retrieved from https://www.nursingtimes.net/roles/nurse-educators/what-is-the-difference-between-grounded-theory-and-phenomenology-31-01-2011/

Sauro J. (2020). 5 Types of Qualitative Methods. Retrieved from https://measuringu.com/qual-methods/

 

DQ6 – NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

ER

1 posts

Re: Topic 2 DQ 2

There are three types of qualitative research, phenomenological, ethnographic and grounded (Helbig, 2018). Phenomenological studies the lived experiences of people (Helbig, 2018). It is usually done through interviews and hearing the story one has to tell through their eyes (Helbig, 2018). For example, we all have a story that is individualized to us. Two people may share the same experience, however it may be interpreted much differently between the two individuals. Ethnographic examines cultural behaviors (Helbig, 2018). This differs from phenomenological in that it is usually done by observation and can be shared among a group and or community of people. For example, many cultures share the same religious/spiritual practices, dietary and or medical treatment practices. The two can also be connected in that the culture an individual practices (ethnographic) can greatly influence one’s way of interpreting lived experiences (phenomenological). NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

Helbig, J. (2018). Nursing Research: Understanding Methods for Best Practice. Retrieved from: https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs433v/nursing-research-understanding-methods-for-best-practice/v1.1/#/chapter/1

Course Objectives And Resources:

  1. Analyze the ethical considerations associated of conducting nursing research.
  2. Evaluate the components of a qualitative research article.
  3. Compare different types of qualitative designs.

I want to make sure you are aware of resources that should not be used in this week’s assignment. Systematic Reviews, Literature Reviews, and Metanalysis articles are useful resources and provide a strong level of evidence but are not considered primary research articles and should not be included in this week’s assignment. NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

All studies should be current (within 5-10 years).

Sources

Read Chapter 2 in Nursing Research: Understanding Methods for Best Practice.

URL:

https://www.gcumedia.com/digital-resources/grand-canyon-university/2018/nursing-research_understanding-methods-for-best-practice_1e.php

 

Read “Chapter 7: Human Experimentation,” by Bekier, from The Ethical Considerations of Medical Experimentation on Human Subjects (2016).

URL:

http://www.qcc.cuny.edu/SocialSciences/ppecorino/MEDICAL_ETHICS_TEXT/Chapter_7_Human_Experimentation/Reading-Nazi-experimentation.htm

 

Read “What Is Your Research Question? An Introduction to the PICOT Format for Clinicians,” by Riva et al., from The Journal of Canadian Chiropractic Association (2012).

URL:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3430448/

 

Read “Legal and Ethical Issues in Research,” by Yip, Han, and Sng, from Indian Journal of Anaesthesia (2016). NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

URL:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5037952/

 

Read “The ICN Code of Ethics for Nurses,” by the International Council of Nurses (2012), located on the ICN website.

URL:

https://www.icn.ch/sites/default/files/inline-files/2012_ICN_Codeofethicsfornurses_%20eng.pdf

 

Read “Ethical Challenges of Researchers in Qualitative Studies: The Necessity to Develop a Specific Guideline,” by Sanjari, Bahramnezhad, Fomani, Shoghi, and Cheraghi, from Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine (2014).

URL:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4263394/

 

Read “Commentary: Writing and Evaluating Qualitative Research Reports,” by Wu, Thompson, Aroian, McQuaid, and Deatrick, from Journal of Pediatric Psychology (2016).

URL:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4888120/

 

Read “Lessons From HeLa Cells: The Ethics and Policy of Biospecimens,” by Beskow, from Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics (2016).

URL:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5072843/

 

Refer to “Searching Nursing Databases” in the GCU Library, as needed, for searching the main nursing and health sciences database. NRS433V GCU PICOT Question and Literature Search Homework

URL:

http://libguides.gcu.edu/c.php?g=330084&p=2846444

 

Reference the “APA Basics” information, located on the GCU Library website, to assist with the APA format and documentation of sources required for the assignment.

URL:

http://libguides.gcu.edu/CitingSources/APA#s-lg-box-19138654

 

Reference the “GCU Library Research Guides: Citing Sources” resource for information on how to cite sources properly.

URL:

http://libguides.gcu.edu/c.php?g=330092&p=2216210

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