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NUR 513 Topic 4 Discussion 1

NUR 513 Topic 4 Discussion 1

NUR 513 Topic 4 Discussion 1

Objectives:

  1. Describe the application of nursing theories to the advance registered nurse’s practice.
  2. Evaluate nursing theories based on intent, goal, and scope.

Topic 4 DQ 1

Assessment Description

Compare and contrast two nursing theories. How do they differ based on their intent, scope, and goals? Which one might be more relevant to your future role, and why?

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Topic 4 DQ 1 Sample Approach NUR 513

Henderson and Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory

Critical thinking and understanding of the necessary theoretical foundation are required for advanced nursing practice. It is defined as the practice of promoting human health in a social setting. Lack of Self-Care Nursing Theory divides professional nursing practice into four basic operations: diagnostic, prescriptive, therapeutic, and case management (Yip, 2021). In nursing theory, diagnostic activities relate to the classification and prognosis of self-care requirements, which must account for the influence of fundamental capabilities and dispositions, as well as basic conditioning variables, on the patient’s self-care capacity. The APN uses this diagnosis to guide their prescriptive operations, determining the practical activities required based on the patient’s state of health, way of life, and environmental constraints, as well as health or other goals.(Yip, 2021). The required activities are carried out immediately by the APN through therapeutic and supervisory operations.

Henderson’s nursing need theory focuses on four key concepts: the individual, the environment, health, and nursing.  Individuals, as per Henderson, have basic requirements that are aspects of health. They require aid to gain health and independence, as well as help to die peacefully (Petiprin, 2020). Mind and body are intertwined and interconnected for the person, and the individual examines the biological, psychological, social, and spiritual components. This idea views the patient as a collection of biophysical demands rather than a consumer. Individuals in connection to families are also part of the environment (Petiprin, 2020). Basic nursing care entails creating settings in which the patient can accomplish independently.

Henderson and Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory vary in their objective, scope, and goals. Henderson says in the principles of nursing, that a nurse’s responsibility is to replace the patient’s power, will, or knowledge as needed. The nurse is responsible for assessing the patient’s needs, assisting him or her in meeting health needs, and providing an atmosphere in which the patient may undertake independent activities (Gligor & Domnariu, 2020).  Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory is based on the awareness that diagnosis, prescription, and treatment are dynamic process that can only operate well if they are tailored to each patient’s requirements. This entails incorporating a viable course of action for optimal recovery into a patient’s everyday living habits while remaining mindful of budgetary and other healthcare service limits (Gligor & Domnariu, 2020). The function of the nurse within this nursing theory is to use practical nursing knowledge by identifying how a patient may best practice self-care within the constraints of their living arrangements and support services. The nursing theory that best suits my future nursing career is the Self-care deficit theory as it encourages cooperation between nurse and patient. 

References
  1. Gligor, L., & Domnariu, C. D. (2020). Patient care approach using nursing theories – comparative analysis of Orem’s self-care deficit theory and Henderson’s model. Acta Medica Transilvanica25(2), 11–14. https://doi.org/10.2478/amtsb-2020-0019
  2. Petiprin, A. (2020). Henderson’s nursing need theory. Nursing Theory. https://nursing-theory.org/theories-and-models/henderson-need-theory.php
  3. Yip, J. Y. C. (2021). Theory-based advanced nursing practice: a practice update on the application of Orem’s self-care deficit nursing theory. SAGE Open Nursing7, 23779608211011990. https://doi.org/10.1177/23779608211011993

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